“PROMPT, an acronym for PROMPTS for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets, is a multidimensional approach to speech production disorders that embraces not only the well-known physical-sensory aspects of motor performance, but also its cognitive-linguistic and social-emotional aspects. PROMPT is about integrating all domains and systems towards positive communication outcome. It may be used (with varying intensity and focus) with all speech production disorders from approximately 6 months of age onward. PROMPT is a program to develop motor skill in the development of language for interaction.” http://www.promptinstitute.com/?WIPforResearch
Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing Program for Reading, Spelling, and Speech (LiPS)
“The LiPS® Program is the development of an oral-motor, visual, and auditory feedback system that enables all students to prove the identity, number, and order of phonemes in syllables and words. It is more basic and more extensive than traditional phonics programs. The LiPS® Program teaches students to discover and label the oral-motor movements of phonemes. Students can then verify the identity, number, and sequence of sounds in words. Once established, phonemic awareness is then applied to reading, spelling, and speech.” http://lindamoodbell.com/program/lindamood-phoneme-sequencing-program
Visualizing and Verbalizing Program for Cognitive Development, Comprehension, and Thinking
“A primary cause of language comprehension problems is difficulty creating an imagined gestalt. This is called weakconcept imagery. This weakness causes individuals to get only “parts” of information they read or hear, but not the whole.The Visualizing and Verbalizing® (V/V®) program develops concept imagery—the ability to create an imagined or imaged gestalt from language—as a basis for comprehension and higher order thinking. The development of concept imagery improves reading and listening comprehension, memory, oral vocabulary, critical thinking, and writing.” http://lindamoodbell.com/program/visualizing-and-verbalizing-program
Myofunctional therapy is the retraining of the oral and facial musculature to correct the tongue’s position at rest and/or during the swallow. The therapy includes oral exercises and behavior modification techniques to promote correct tongue position at rest and during the swallow. If necessary, it will focus on improving chewing and bolus formation in preparation for a correct swallow. Correct swallowing depends on a proper relationship between all oral-facial musculature. Because a person swallows approximately 1000 times a day, improper swallowing can cause a variety of problems. The resting position of the tongue can also cause problems because of the constant forward pushing pattern.